Effect of education – Is sex ed having a positive effect?
sumber gambar: www.memphisflyer.com
Sex edukasi memiliki dampak positif dan negatif. Dibawah ini memaparkan pendapat pro dan kontra mengenai edukasi sex di sekolah dalam bahasa inggris.
Ignorance about sex is the primary cause of the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs): The spread of AIDS in the 80s and 90s has shown us that education and information is more important than ever. Giving sex education in schools is crucial to this spread, and may be supplemented by frank discussion at home.
Teacher-led discussions can encourage students to consider the responsibilities attached to sexual relationships: As the US Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexuality Education (1991) state, ‘all sexual decisions have effects or consequences’, and ‘all persons have the… obligation to make responsible sexual choices’. While Hollywood promotes casual, thoughtless sex as the norm, teacher-led discussions can encourage students to consider the responsibilities attached to sexual relationships.
Abstinence is a rather outdated view, based on religious teaching, which may be a personal choice but is not to be expected as the norm for everyone: Young people express their sexuality as part of their development to adulthood. It is not having sex that is a problem, but having unsafe sex or hurting people through sexual choices.
The sex education message is not getting through to teenagers: This is judging by the number of teenage pregnancies and continuing spread of STDs. Identifying sexual responsibility with formal education can be counter-productive, as it can be fashionable to ignore what you are taught in schools. The most effective channel for sex education is the media, and particularly TV, films and magazines.
Sex education should be taught one-one-one, not by a teacher: Open discussion of sexual practice and relationships among younger teenagers encourages sexual activity before they are ready, by adding to peer pressure, and devalues its own message because of the risk of classroom ridicule. It is better to discuss sexual responsibility in a one-to-one context, either with older siblings or parents, or perhaps via Internet youth portals.
Any classroom education there is should encourage abstinence: Sexual promiscuity is encouraged, not controlled, by sex education; advocating safe sex on the one hand dilutes the message of restraint on the other. Children are at risk of severe psychological and physical harm from having sex too young, and should be encouraged not to do so.